In writing, there are many techniques and tools that a writer can use to strength, emphasis and enhance their writing technique, in order to use these techniques in an effective manner, one should know what they are exactly. Adding statements and sayings by other people in your writing is a common and elegant way of making your work sound more robust or to make it more understandable for the reader. There are two ways in which one can add quotations to their writing; you can either directly add them to your work or indirectly, both ways have their own plus points and their own impact.

When quoting someone directly, you are basically taking what they said word to word and are placing it into your writing, the proper way to do this is to offset the statement in quotation marks in order to highlight its nature. A direct quote can be from someone’s writing or from something that someone said, a well-used direct quote can help you strengthen your argument by serving as a fact or as an example.

To keep the impact of quotes in your work, you should make sure to not over use them, direct quotes can make your writing much more fun to read, however, if used to frequently then your work just might lose originality.

Indirect quotes pretty much serve the same purpose as direct quotes, however, the way in which you add them into your work is a bit different, to start off; indirect quotes are not a word to word copy of what the original writer or speaker said. Indirect quotes are more like summarizations of what the statement meant or implied that has been written in your own wording, and since indirect quotes are not duplicates of what someone said or wrote, you do not need to offset the writing in quotation marks.

A basic example of a direct quotation and an indirect quotation:

Direct Quotation: Martin Luther King once said, “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin, but by the content of their character.”

Indirect Quotation: In his well-known speech, Martin Luther King said that he had a dream that someday his children could live in a nation where they were judged by their character rather than the colour of their skin.

The examples above show the differences and the similarities between the two quoting techniques, as you can see, the basic message is the same in both the examples, however, the way in which it has been presented to the reader is different. If you have ever wondered that what does using indirect quotations allow a writer to do? The answer to the question is that it allows one to be more flexible with how they want to add someone else’s ideas into their own work and it also reduces the chances of their work being marked for plagiarism.