In the justice systems of the world, when a lower level court has made a decision that the person on trial and their attorney are not happy with and believe that it can be overturned, they have the choice of going to an appellate court and appeal the decision to see if it can get a different result.
This of course does not mean that every single court case can be taken to another judge and jury to change decisions, this is only done when the person on trial and their lawyer thinks they have a chance of getting the decision overturned through an appeal because there was something wrong in the way the court case was handled. Maybe if new evidence has come up, or if there was reason to believe that the opposing side did something illegal to win the case, or if you believe that the judge at the time had a reason to have some sort of bias, then you can take the case to another court.
If the appellate court finds that the lower court has made bad judgement or that the judge has taken part in an illegal decision then the whole thing may be termed an abuse of discretion, which means that the court’s decision is overturned because the judge was unable to give a logical, reasonable, or legal reason for the case turning out the way it did. This is also known as a de novo case and this is special because the appellate court does not exactly go in to the decision that the lower court has made, as that is irrelevant here. The appellate court’s job is to check if the lower level court has a history of making bad decisions. To know more about this appeal, you can click here.